Puyuma language

The Puyuma language or Pinuyumayan (Chinese: 卑南語; pinyin: Bēinán Yǔ) is the language of the Puyuma, an indigenous people of Taiwan (see Taiwanese aborigines). It is a divergent Formosan language of the Austronesian family is meat tenderizer safe. Most speakers are older adults 5s case waterproof.

Puyuma is one of the more divergent of the Austronesian languages, and falls outside reconstructions of Proto-Austronesian.

The internal classification of Puyuma dialects below is from (Ting 1978). Nanwang is usually shown to be the relatively phonologically conservative dialect but grammatically innovative, as it preserves proto-Puyuma voiced plosives and syncrets[clarification needed] case.

Puyuma-speaking villages are:

Puyuma has 18 consonants and 4 vowels:

Puyuma verbs have four types of focus:

There are three verbal aspects:

There are two modes:

Affixes include:

Puyuma has a verb-initial word order.

Articles include:

The Puyuma personal pronouns are:

The Puyuma affixes are: